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BRICS: Shaping the Global Landscape
BRICS: Shaping the Global Landscape


Shaping the Global Landscape in the 21st Century

BRICS, an acronym for Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa, plays a pivotal role in the modern global landscape and is very important today. This alliance of significant emerging countries is pivotal in molding economic strategies, questioning established international organizations, and cultivating collaboration in politics and security. Let’s look at the several aspects that demonstrate the significance of BRICS in the contemporary world.

Economic Impact

The substantial economic influence of the BRICS countries is demonstrated by the fact that their combined GDP accounts for about 25% of the global GDP. The combined population and vast landmasses of these countries contribute significantly to their significant influence over global economic policy. Their rapid economic growth and expanding influence highlight their importance in the global economy.
Because the BRICS countries are among the largest in terms of both population and land area, and because their economies are widely diverse, they have a substantial collective influence. This economic alliance serves as a balancing to the established economic powers of the West by providing a variety of viewpoints and opportunities for international economic realignment and collaboration.

Challenges to Existing Institutions

BRICS’s challenge to the dominance of established international organizations like the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) is one of its most important tasks. These organizations have historically been greatly impacted by Western countries, which is why their activities frequently represent the goals and objectives of the developed world.
The goal of BRICS is to give emerging countries a forum to coordinate their positions on world issues, open up new business opportunities, and promote an improved international economic system. A testament to this endeavor is the creation of the New Development Bank (NDB) by the BRICS in 2014, which offers funds for sustainable development and infrastructure projects in developing nations.

Political and Security Cooperation

  1. Beyond just economics, BRICS cooperation also includes political and security aspects. Three major pillars support the alliance’s operations:
    Political and Security Cooperation: The BRICS countries work together on geopolitical challenges, security issues, and regional stability. This includes working together to combat terrorism, maintain peace, and resolve issues that have an impact on member states and their surrounding areas.
  2. Economic and Financial Cooperation: The member nations cooperate to advance sustainable growth and financial stability. The goal of this partnership is to build an economy that is adaptable to shocks to the world economy and promotes long-term growth.
  3. Cultural and People-to-People Exchanges: Promoting mutual respect and goodwill among the BRICS countries requires a strong emphasis on cultural understanding and cooperation. These interactions strengthen interpersonal bonds and deepen cultural linkages between the nations involved.

India’s Eight Critical Points

During a recent BRICS foreign ministers’ meeting, India’s Foreign Minister, Dr. S. Jaishankar, highlighted eight critical topics that underscore the priorities and concerns of BRICS nations:

  1. Socioeconomic Recovery from the Pandemic: Addressing the Economic and Social impacts of the COVID-19 Pandemic and Promoting recovery strategies.
  2. Mitigating Rising Energy Costs: Tackling the challenges posed by increasing energy costs, particularly for developing nations.
  3. Upholding Sovereign Equality and International Law: Ensuring respect for sovereign equality, territorial integrity, and adherence to international law.
  4. Supporting UN Security Council Reform: Advocating for reforms to make the UN Security Council more representative and equitable.
  5. Advocating for Climate Action and Justice: Promoting effective climate action and ensuring climate justice for all nations.
  6. Zero Tolerance for Cross-Border Terrorism: Taking a firm stance against terrorism and its cross-border implications.
  7. Embracing Globalization and Digitalization: Leveraging the benefits of a globalized and digital world for inclusive growth.
  8. Achieving Sustainable Development Goals: Committing to the holistic achievement of the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

Global Influence and Aspirations

China and Russia, two of the BRICS members, are already well-known world powers that have permanent memberships in the UN Security Council. On the other hand, South Africa, Brazil, and India hope to increase their worldwide influence. Through BRICS, these countries have a forum for collaborating on global challenges and advancing their interests overseas.
By working together and ensuring that their demands and opinions are taken into account when decisions are made on a global basis, the BRICS countries hope to alter the current global order. Their collaborative attitude means they are more suited to tackle issues like geopolitical stability and economic advancement.


BRICS continues to grow and exert a significant influence on global affairs. Because it challenges traditional institutions, promotes economic cooperation, and encourages collaboration in politics and security, BRICS has a considerable impact on the current global order. It is clear that BRICS is important for advancing global change and a more inclusive international order as the world grows more interconnected.

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